Arthroscopic Knee Surgery
Arthroscopic knee surgery can be described as a surgical procedure used to treat some knee problems. Knee arthroscopy uses modern medical techniques and advanced medical technologies. The use of arthroscopic techniques compared to traditional methods has advantages such as low side effects, minimal risk of complications and fast recovery. Thanks to closed applications, the quality of life of the patients does not decrease much and the return to everyday life is faster.
Arthroscopic knee surgery is performed for many different conditions, but the most common problem stands out as the meniscus. In addition, it is possible to benefit from knee arthroscopy in knee dislocations. In addition to meniscal tears, it is also possible to perform arthroscopy on various tears, such as cruciate ligament tears. Apart from all these factors, knee arthroscopy can be applied to problems occurring in cartilage tissue and calcification formation.
What is Arthroscopy?
Unlike traditional methods, arthroscopy applications allow surgical procedures to be performed through a few small incisions instead of large incisions. It is possible to benefit from arthroscopic surgery in areas such as knee, shoulder, hip, and ankle, especially in the context of orthopaedics and traumatology. In addition to the high success rate, this method is notable for its rapid recovery and low risk of complications.
In arthroscopy operations, different incisions are made depending on the area of application and arthroscopic aids are sent through the open holes. The surgical process performed with imaging ends in a closed fashion, and the operating physician performs the treatment with the device sent in during this process.
Knee arthroscopy is more preferable than traditional methods with its advantages. Knee arthroscopy may benefit from the treatment of cartilage tissue problems in the knee area, torn meniscus, torn cruciate ligament, malformed joint problems, knee dislocations, free cartilage and bone fragmentation, treatment of inflammatory tissue or stretched ligaments.
What should be considered before arthroscopic knee surgery?
Before arthroscopic knee surgery, it is necessary to go through a successful diagnostic process. In the process following the physical examination, the information exchange must be fully guaranteed and the current problem must be clearly identified as a result of additional investigations. Arthroscopy surgery is just one step in the treatment program planned to improve or manage the problem.
Local or general anaesthesia can be used in arthroscopic knee surgery. It is also an option to numb the lower waist area only, but it is not preferred. Preference for anaesthesia is made based on the patient's personal characteristics. Before arthroscopic knee surgery, your doctor may request that some medications be stopped. Special precautions can be individually requested by the physician.
How is arthroscopic knee surgery performed?
Arthroscopic knee surgery application begins with anaesthesia determined individually. Later, small incisions are made in the knee as a result of arthroscopic procedures. Guided by imaging, the knee is entered through these incisions and surgery begins. Prior to surgery, sterile water is sent through the opened incisions and some expansion is provided in the area to be operated on. The purpose of this is to make it easier for the operating physician to perform the surgical procedure. Arthroscopic devices that have a camera and light system at the end deliver the treatment needed for the problem the patient is experiencing. All equipment needed for surgery is delivered to the surgery area through small incisions. Thus, the operation is terminated and small incisions are closed with stitches.
What should be considered after arthroscopic knee surgery?
Arthroscopic knee surgery shows a much faster recovery compared to traditional methods and does not leave a non-aesthetic appearance. Although the recovery rate is high, it will take time to do activities such as walking and exercising, because the procedure is in the knee. Keeping the leg elevated and resting is very important in the first days after surgery. As the patient begins to recover, the process continues with physical therapy and rehabilitation studies. During this time, the patient may need to use a walking aid.