Arthroscopic Shoulder Surgery
Arthroscopic shoulder surgery can be expressed as a surgical procedure used to treat some shoulder problems. Shoulder arthroscopy uses modern medical techniques and advanced medical technologies. The use of arthroscopic techniques compared to traditional methods has advantages such as low side effects, minimal risk of complications and fast recovery. Thanks to closed applications, the quality of life of the patients does not decrease much and the return to everyday life is faster.
Arthroscopic shoulder surgery is actively used in recurrent shoulder dislocations, shoulder collision syndrome, capsule flexion, rotator cuff tear problem, arthritis and free object removal and labral rupture.
The shoulder joint is one of the most used parts of our body as it is the joint group that connects the arm and the body. Therefore it is one of the joint areas with the highest function in daily activities. Although the shoulder joint, which is a large group of bones, is very strong, it can encounter numerous problems from reverse movements, accidents, trauma, and sudden blows. At the same time, problems can arise in the shoulder joint with the deformities caused by aging over the years. Surgical options are often used in the treatment of shoulder problems, and in this regard arthroscopic techniques are much more preferred than traditional methods.
What is Arthroscopy?
Unlike traditional methods, arthroscopy applications allow surgical procedures to be performed through a few small incisions instead of large incisions. It is possible to benefit from arthroscopic surgery in areas such as knee, shoulder, hip, and ankle, especially in the context of orthopedics and traumatology. In addition to the high success rate, this method is notable for its rapid recovery and low risk of complications.
In arthroscopy operations, different incisions are made depending on the area of application and arthroscopic aids are sent through the open holes. The surgical process performed with imaging ends in a closed fashion, and the operating physician carries out the treatment with the device submitted during this process.
What should be considered before arthroscopic shoulder surgery?
For arthroscopic shoulder surgery, it is necessary to have a successful diagnosis process. In the process following the physical examination, the information exchange must be fully guaranteed and the identification of the existing problem made clear as a result of additional investigations. Arthroscopy surgery is just one step in the treatment program planned to improve or manage the problem.
General anaesthesia is usually preferred for arthroscopic shoulder surgery. Before arthroscopic shoulder surgery, your doctor may request that some medications be stopped. Special precautions can be individually requested by the physician.
How is arthroscopic shoulder surgery performed?
In arthroscopic shoulder surgery, small incisions are made in the shoulder. Guided by imaging, the shoulder is entered through these incisions and surgery begins. Arthroscopic devices that have a camera and light system at the end deliver the treatment needed for the problem the patient is experiencing. All equipment required for surgery is delivered to the surgery area through small incisions. The most common procedures in shoulder arthroscopy are the placement of the shoulder joint in recurrent shoulder dislocations, shaving the problematic tissue in shoulder collision syndrome, treating the loose capsule layer in capsule flexion, suturing the cuff tear and labral tears, and removal of free objects. Thus, the operation is terminated and small incisions are closed with stitches.
What should be considered after arthroscopic shoulder surgery?
After the arthroscopic shoulder surgery, the treatment process continues because the physiotherapy and rehabilitation studies to be performed after the surgery are very important. The shoulder joint is one of the most difficult to heal joints and physiotherapy and rehabilitation activities can be performed up to 1 year after surgery to restore optimal function of the shoulder joint. Although arthroscopic procedures provide a high degree of rapid recovery, it is recommended that the patient does not interfere with the exercises since the beginning of the use of the arms and successfully continues the rehabilitation process under the supervision of the physician.
Hospitalization may be performed immediately after surgery, depending on the patient's condition. During this time, the arm is hung and the patient is asked to rest. With various medical devices, the aim is to speed up the healing process and minimize the risk of infection. Ice can be applied if necessary.