Cervical Cancer Treatment
Cervical cancer, just like uterine cancer, is one of the most common cancer diseases among female patients. The anomaly caused by the cells of the cervix region called the cervix is effective in cervical cancers, which are diagnosed and treated within the scope of gynecology and birth. Cell anomalies have an effect on cancer formation. In the usual process, cells are born, divide and die when the time comes. However, when the cell mutation occurs, the cells do not die when they should die and continue to divide. These abnormal cells, which form excess cells together with the cells that replace the cells that should die, combine and cancerous tissues form. Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that can be controlled at early diagnosis and has a high success rate in treatment. However, if not controlled with early diagnosis practices, cancerous tissues may spread to the surrounding tissues.
Numerous diagnosis and treatment applications in cervical cancer are used by the gynecology and obstetrics branch. Although cervical cancers progress silently in some cases, it mostly manifests itself with some symptoms. HPV viruses, namely Human Papilloma Virus, have the biggest share in the formation of cervical cancers. This virus is a virus that can be transmitted from person to person as a result of sexual activities and often causes problems such as genital warts.
What are the Causes of Cervical Cancer?
Since the effect of HPV viruses in the formation of cervical cancers has been proven definitively, it is a known fact that polygamy increases cervical cancer. In addition, there are some reasons that can trigger cell anomaly. These include the effects of genetic factors, consuming bad habits such as smoking and a weak immune system.
In addition to all these, frequent occurrence of various infections in the genital area, too many births, using birth control pills for many years, starting sexual activity at a very early age, giving birth at a very early age and some sexually transmitted diseases can be considered among the risk factors for cervical cancer.
What are the Symptoms of Cervical Cancer?
With cervical cancers, symptoms are very rare in the first period. With this feature, it can be shown as a difficult type of cancer to be diagnosed in its first stage. At this point, it is proven once again how important general scans are. General scans are the best way to reveal existing problems if they are carried out regularly. Even if the problem itself is not found directly, doubts about the problem will definitely arise and as a result of the examinations performed on these doubts, it will be possible to detect diseases such as cervical cancer early.
Bleeding or bloody discharge are among the most common symptoms in cervical cancer. Pain and pain during sexual intercourse and bleeding problems that intensify after sexual intercourse may be among the symptoms. In addition, painful complaints, urinary problems, wart-like lesions and weight loss can be among the symptoms of cervical cancer.
Cervical Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment
It should be reminded once again how important general screening is in the diagnosis of cervical cancer. Symptoms emerging other than general screenings are rarely diagnosed at the first stage. The diagnostic process in cervical cancer begins with resting the patient's history and physical examination. Then it is necessary to perform imaging by ultrasonography method. The interesting results of the PAP smear test may cause suspicion of cervical cancer. In addition to these, it is possible to benefit from colposcopy method and to perform pathological examination by taking a piece of cancerous tissue with biopsy.
It is possible to say that surgical applications come to the fore in cervical cancers. At this point, cancerous tissue is rarely removed and surrounding tissues are left. Most of the time, the uterus, ovaries, tubes and lymph nodes are removed and the final solution is provided. The treatment process can be combined or continued with radiotherapy, chemotherapy, cryotherapy, conization, laser therapy or LEEP.