Uterine Cancer Treatment
Uterine cancer is a disease caused by cell anomalies, which is diagnosed and treated within the scope of gynecology and obstetrics. Uterine cancer, which is among the most common cancer diseases among women, has a high success rate in treatments performed with early diagnosis. This cell anomaly, also called uterine cancer, has been described as endometrial cancer in the medical literature. Uterine cancer occurs upon anomaly in cells in the uterus.
The cell is born, divides, grows and dies. However, when there is a cell anomaly, the cells that should die do not die and continue to divide. These abnormal cells, which form an excess of cells by combining with the cells that replace the cells that should die, cause the formation of cancerous tissues. This cell anomaly can also be seen in the cells inside the uterus, and thus uterine cancer occurs. The cell anomaly that starts in the uterus can grow here and spread to the surrounding tissues over time. With the spread of cancerous tissues, the treatment of the disease becomes difficult and becomes more dangerous for the patient, but there is a great success rate in the treatment of the disease with early diagnosis. Numerous diagnosis and treatment applications are carried out for uterine cancer.
What Causes Uterine Cancer?
There are several risk factors that increase the risk of uterine cancer. It is known that the estrogen hormone has an effect on the occurrence of uterine cancer. Therefore, it is thought that conditions related to this may trigger uterine cancer. For example, having no birth is a risk factor in uterine cancers that occur especially in advanced ages. Because the progesterone secreted during pregnancy controls and balances the effect of estrogen.
Among the causes of uterine cancer are the effects of early-onset menstrual period and late-onset menopause. This is among the causes of uterine cancer, as it means the duration of exposure to estrogen increases. In addition, the effects of the problems that occur during the process of removing the egg from the ovaries, ie, the ovaries, on uterine cancer are known. Estrogen hormone has a direct effect on the realization of this process.
Other triggering factors of uterine cancer include obesity, unhealthy diets, diabetes, estrogen replacement therapy, tamoxifen use, ovarian cysts and tumors, and HNPCC.
What are the Symptoms of Uterine Cancer?
In uterine cancer, some patients do not show any symptoms in the early stages, which makes the treatment process difficult, but it is possible that uterine cancer suspicion will arise over the symptoms that occur under normal conditions.
Common symptoms of uterine cancer include:
Bleeding after the menstrual period
Menstrual period taking much longer than usual
Pelvic floor pain
Feeling pain or pain during sexual intercourse
Uterine Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment
The effect of general screenings in the diagnosis and treatment of uterine cancer is quite great. In patients who do not experience any symptoms or who do not care about the symptoms, uterine cancer can progress and may not occur for a long time. However, the current problems of patients who regularly attend general screenings can be revealed, at least additional examinations may be requested with suspicion of uterine cancer. The effect of how beneficial general scans are is is once again understood in this regard. In a cell anomaly such as uterine cancer, which can be treated in early diagnosis, the effect of general screening increases even more. Apart from this, the process that starts with listening to the patient's history and physical examination in patients who apply to a doctor with various symptoms continues with various examinations. Ultrasonography imaging methods are frequently used imaging applications at this point. If there is any suspicious tissue imaged, a biopsy can be performed for clearer analysis. In cases where biopsy is not beneficial, it is possible to resort to dilatation and curettage applications. Of course, blood tests are also used during the process.
Surgical methods have an important place among uterine cancer treatment applications. It may be possible to remove the cancerous tissues without damaging the surrounding tissues, as well as taking the entire uterus, ovaries, tubes and lymph nodes out. This is decided according to the stage of the cancer. The process that started with surgical methods can be continued with various treatment applications. These applications can be performed in combination or alone. These are radiotherapy, chemotherapy and hormone therapy.