Ovarian Cancer Treatment
Ovarian cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in female patients for many years. It can be stated that it is a difficult type of cancer to treat, even if treatment applications are successful with early diagnosis. One of the reasons why the treatment of ovarian cancer is difficult is that this cell anomaly does not show any symptoms in the early stages. Ovarian cancer that progresses quietly may have progressed too much when noticed, and treatment becomes difficult. Ovarian cancer can occur at almost any age, but it is mostly seen after menopause with advanced age.
Cell anomalies have an effect on the formation of ovarian cancer. Cell anomalies that occur in epithelium or embryonic cells form cancerous tissues. Cells are born, divide and die in the usual way. However, when the cell mutation occurs, the cell does not die and continues to divide. In such cases, the cells that need to die combine with new cells to form an excess of cells and thus cancerous tissues are formed. Cancerous tissues continue to grow over time, expand and spread to the area where it is located. Cancerous tissue that starts in the ovaries may spread to the surrounding tissues.
What Causes Ovarian Cancer?
There are effects of genetic factor in ovarian cancer, if there is a family history of ovarian cancer, it is recommended that female members in this family should be careful about ovarian cancer and undergo general screenings. Ovarian cancer can be seen even under the age of 20, as it can occur with the weakening of cell renewal with advanced age. In both cases, anomalies that occur mostly in different cells are effective.
Hormonal problems also have an effect on ovarian cancer. This may be a hormonal problem that occurs entirely by the body, or it may be a problem that may develop due to the use of birth control pills for a long time or the use of drugs that increase ovulation. It can be said that people who have never given birth have a risk factor, especially in ovarian cancers that occur at an advanced age.
What are the Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer?
Ovarian cancer progresses silently without any symptoms in the first place, which makes it dangerous, so it is often discovered in general screenings. Cancerous tissue may have already advanced when it shows symptoms. Among the primary symptoms that occur in ovarian cancer, problems related to the excretory system stand out. Changes in bladder and bowel order, in other words, differentiation of urine and defecation habits can be seen. The reason for this may be the compression of cancerous tissue inside. In addition, it is possible to encounter painful complaints in the central abdomen. Other symptoms that can be shown include fullness in the groin area, vaginal bleeding. Advanced levels of blood coming from the vagina, appetite and weight loss are symptoms.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Ovarian Cancer
Early initiation of the diagnostic process in ovarian cancer directly affects the success of the treatment. Since ovarian cancer does not show any symptoms at first, early diagnosis is very difficult. For this reason, it is recommended that every woman, whether she has a risk factor or not, should undergo various cancer screenings and periodic controls for other types of cancer, especially ovarian cancer. In this way, early diagnosis of diseases can be provided, and measures can be taken even if suspicion arises.
In the diagnosis of ovarian cancer, imaging methods such as ultrasonography are followed by listening to the patient's history and physical examination. The presence of a mass felt on physical examination may cause serious suspicion, but even if it does not appear in this way, it is possible to see cancerous tissues with imaging methods. There may be many cysts on the ovary, it is important to observe the characteristics of these cysts. If there are cysts, these cysts should be followed absolutely. It is possible for benign formations to gain bad character over time. If a malignant appearance is found as a result of the studies performed within the scope of blood tests and ultrasonography methods, a biopsy is performed and a pathological examination is started.
Surgical treatment applications come to the fore in ovarian cancer. Usually the entire ovary is removed with surgical interventions. If there is a splash from the ovaries to the surrounding tissue, the cancerous tissues in these areas are also cleaned or parts are removed from the organ where it has spread. After surgical methods, chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatment applications are used by combining or with a single application.