Complete Hip Replacement (Hip prosthesis)
Complete hip replacement is a surgical procedure that is used for irreversible problems in the hip joint. The hip joint can be damaged by many factors, and if this damage occurs in the hip joint, some treatment applications are used in the context of orthopedics and traumatology. If there is no response to treatment, it is possible to switch to a complete hip replacement as a last resort in advanced problems. Thus, the hip joint, which cannot fully fulfill its function, is replaced by an artificial joint and the patient can regain hip functions.
What is a hip joint?
The hip joint is one of the largest joints in the body and has a direct effect on body movements. The functions of the hip bone in the connection of the upper and lower body in the body are great. That's why a healthy hip joint is essential for our entire range of motion. The hip joint must be strong, not only to move, but also to stand properly. If advanced deformation occurs in the cartilage tissue of the hip joint, it will be difficult for the body to lift the weight. So even being independent of movement can cause serious problems. Thus, the success of daily activities is directly related to hip joint health. Numerous problems can also arise in the hip joint, which is used in this way and has a lot of function. These problems can occur over time, with the effect of old age, as well as sudden strokes, trauma, accidents, and unfavorable movements. The hip joint is like a mechanism that works with each other, the lower body and upper body, the surrounding muscle and cartilage tissues. Problems that arise at any point in this mechanism can directly affect other points and the health of hip joints.
Why is a complete hip replacement performed?
Complete hip replacement is a preferred surgical procedure when the hip joint's functionality is lost due to various problems. When the hip joint does not function optimally, various functional losses occur and the patient's quality of life decreases. With movement restrictions it becomes impossible to improve the quality of life again. Therefore, a complete hip joint surgery is an application that improves the patient's quality of life with the use of the artificial hip joint.
Various treatment applications such as physiotherapy and rehabilitation applications, medical therapy and intra-articular injection can be used before a complete hip replacement. However, if no results are obtained, a complete hip replacement is preferred. Especially if there are painful complaints in the hip joint, if there is movement restriction, if the intra-articular deformation has reached an irreversible extent, a complete hip prosthesis should be applied.
General anesthesia is usually preferred before the surgical application for complete hip replacement. After the anesthesia, the points around the hip joint are determined where the surgery will take place, the incision is made, and the surgical process begins. Of course, it is very important to have detailed diagnostic studies at this point. Because during the intervention, action is taken in the light of the information obtained in the context of diagnostic applications. At this point, the choice of implants to be used for complete hip replacement is also very important. Complete hip replacement surgery is slightly more difficult than other complete prosthetic operations because the hip joint is deeper. The hip can be stretched to make the surgical procedure easier.
Deformed cartilage tissue in complete hip replacement is shown as the basis of many problems. This highly deformed cartilage tissue and all damaged tissues around it are removed. Subsequently, the special prosthesis parts that are determined within the framework of individual diagnostic applications are integrated into the new hip joint. The implant materials used here must be specially selected in the context of modern medical techniques and the advancement of medical technologies. Bone cement can be used to keep the materials used firmly in place. The goal is to restore joint health, to perform joint functions in a healthy way with parts that together form a strong structure. While this is happening, it is of course very important that the patient does not feel any complaints and can perform all activities that keep the quality of life high.
What do you need to know about complete hip replacement?
After the complete hip replacement surgery, the healing process should be continued under the supervision of the doctor. During this period, the treatment process should be supported by physiotherapy and rehabilitation studies. Over time, the hip joint's functions will begin to perform as well as before. The lifespan of a complete hip prosthesis can be up to 20 years when used correctly. If a deformity occurs in the complete hip prosthesis, it can be renewed with an additional surgical procedure.