Complete knee replacement (Knee prosthesis)
Complete knee replacement is a surgical procedure that is used for irreversible problems in the knee joint. The knee joint can be damaged by many factors and if this damage occurs in the knee joint some treatment applications are used in the context of orthopedics and traumatology. If there is no response to treatment, it is possible to proceed to a complete knee replacement as a last resort for advanced problems. For example, the knee joint, which cannot fulfill its function optimally, is replaced by an artificial joint and the patient is provided to regain knee functions.
What is a knee joint?
The knee joint is one of the largest joints in the body and is one of the most effective points in human mobility. The upper parts of the leg are connected at the knee point through the foot, ankle and shin. The success of movement actions such as walking, walking, and running is directly related to the health of the knee joint. Knees are one of the points where the weight of the body is carried when the body is moving or simply standing. Numerous problems can also arise with knees that are so used and have so many functions. These problems can occur over time, with the effect of old age, as well as sudden strokes, trauma, accidents, and unfavorable movements. The bones connected by the knee joint act as a mechanism that works with the surrounding muscles, tendons and connective tissue. Problems that arise at any point in this mechanism can directly affect other points and the health of the knee joint.
Why is a complete knee prosthesis used?
Complete knee replacement is a preferred surgical procedure when the knee joint's functionality is lost due to various problems. When the knee joint does not function optimally, various functional losses occur and the patient's quality of life decreases. With movement restrictions, it becomes impossible to improve the quality of life again. Therefore, the complete knee joint surgery is an application that will increase the patient's quality of life with the artificial knee joint application.
Various treatment applications such as physiotherapy and rehabilitation applications, medical therapy and intra-articular injection can be used before the knee is completely replaced. However, if no results are obtained, a complete knee replacement is preferred. Especially if there are painful complaints in the knee joint, if there is movement restriction, if the intra-articular deformation has reached an irreversible extent, a complete knee prosthesis should be applied.
With a complete knee prosthesis, there are various anesthesia options, such as local, general or lower abdominal anesthesia. Based on personal characteristics, it is determined which of these anesthesia options are used. After the anesthesia, the points around the knee joint are determined where the surgery will be performed, the incision is made, and the surgical process begins. Of course, it is very important to have detailed diagnostic studies at this point. Because during the intervention, action is taken in the light of the information obtained in the context of diagnostic applications.
Cartilage tissue that is deformed in a complete knee prosthesis is shown to be the basis of many problems. This highly deformed cartilage tissue and all damaged tissues around it are removed. Subsequently, the special prosthesis parts that have been prepared for individual diagnostic applications are integrated into the new knee joint. The materials used here must be specially selected in the context of modern medical techniques and the advancement of medical technologies. Bone cement can be used to keep the materials used firmly in place. The goal is to restore joint health, to perform joint functions in a healthy way with the parts that together form a strong structure. While this is happening, it is of course very important that the patient does not feel any complaints and can perform all activities that keep the quality of life high.
What do you need to know about complete knee replacement?
After the complete knee replacement, the healing process should be continued under the supervision of the doctor. During this period, the treatment process should be supported by physiotherapy and rehabilitation studies. Over time, the functions of the knee joint will begin to perform as well as before. The lifespan of the complete knee prosthesis can be up to 20 years when used correctly. If a deformation occurs in the complete knee prosthesis, it can be renewed with additional surgical intervention.