Scoliosis is a condition of the spine and is known as a bending problem in the spine. Spinal curvature in scoliosis is usually seen in the back of the chest or in the lumbar region. Scoliosis can occur congenital or can occur later. Infections and tumors are effective in following scoliosis diseases, but in some cases scoliosis formation of unknown cause is also seen.
When the human spine is healthy, it starts at the bottom of the head and continues from the center of the body to the waist. The parts that bring the spine together are the vertebrae. The vertebrae come together at the neck, back and waist to form the spine and the spine acts as the main pillar for our body to stand upright. The ability to stand upright, to realize body movements and the activities that provide mobility are directly related to the health of the spine.
When scoliosis develops, you will see right and left curves in the spine going straight down. With early diagnostic applications, it is easier to treat scoliosis, but in advanced stages, scoliosis can bend at wide angles and treatment becomes more difficult.
What are the causes and types of scoliosis?
Scoliosis is one of the congenital or childhood diseases and it greatly affects the quality of life of children in the development of children. Scoliosis diseases of unknown cause occur, but most scoliosis is congenital due to factors in the womb. Genetic factors have a major influence.
The first type of scoliosis are congenital scoliosis diseases known as congenital. The ribs are known to cause congenital scoliosis. In addition, they can arise due to developmental disorders in the spine.
There is also a type of scoliosis that occurs from polio, that is, polio. It can be summed up as a problem related to the muscle tissue surrounding the spine. Muscle groups that lose their function due to problems such as cerebral palsy or muscle wasting cannot firmly grip the spine and scoliosis develops. Finally, there are idiopathic scoliosis diseases of unknown cause. The healthy spine can warp as a result of a situation that cannot be learned.
What are the symptoms of scoliosis disease?
Since scoliosis disease occurs congenitally or in childhood, it is very important to monitor shape and movement disorders for early diagnosis. If there is flexion of the spine, it should be investigated with suspicion of scoliosis, as these flexions are the most obvious symptoms. The most common symptoms are the formation of an asymmetrical image between the shoulders, the formation of an asymmetrical image between the shoulder and the hip, painful back pain from neck to waist, shortness of breath, fatigue and an increase in the number and severity of the curvature .
Scoliosis Diagnosis and Treatment
The diagnosis of scoliosis is very important for the successful treatment of the disease. Because with early diagnosis, it is possible to control and treat the disease before quality of life declines. It may even be possible to treat scoliosis disease with an early diagnosis without the need for surgical intervention.
Scoliosis diagnostic applications must be made in newborn babies. Parental control is very important to the future problem of scoliosis. If in doubt, consult a doctor. At this point, imaging methods will follow the physical exam process. Imaging methods such as X-ray, magnetic resonance and computed tomography are the most commonly used diagnostic applications. After the disease is discovered, the severity of scoliosis can be examined with a scoliosis.
In the treatment of scoliosis, various treatment techniques such as physiotherapy and rehabilitation studies, corset treatment and bracing are used. With early diagnosis, these practices can be successful and the existing scoliosis condition can be improved. However, if the severity of scoliosis has progressed to such an extent that these treatments cannot be controlled, then surgical applications become the only option. In scoliosis surgery, after the spinal incisions, the curved spine is returned to the required position. For this, the spine is repositioned with screws and rods and the surgical process is complete. After scoliosis surgery, the process can be continued with physiotherapy exercises for a healthy body.