Vulva Cancer Treatment
Vulva cancer is a kind of cancer disease that occurs in cell anomalies in the external genital area. Vulva cancer, whose diagnosis and treatment practices are performed by the gynecology and obstetrics branch, is not among the very common cancer diseases. As with many cancer diseases, Vulva cancer has a high success rate in treatment with early diagnosis. The part called the outer genital area starts from the urethra and extends to the outer part of the vagina. The vulva region is located on the skin and is a very sensitive area both in terms of its location and tissue. The most common symptom in vulvar cancer is painful complaints in the vulva region. These painful complaints can also develop independently of cancer in the vulva region. It is normal for Vulva pain to appear during some menstrual periods and sexual activity, but Vulva pain may indicate problems such as Vulva cancer. Therefore, such symptoms should be cared for and followed up.
Vulva cancer occurs through cell anomaly as in other cancer types. The cells in the skin area from the urethra to the outside of the vagina are born, divide and die like other cells. The cells that have to die but do not die in time and continue to divide, merge with the newly arrived cells and form excess cells. This excess formed by abnormal cells creates cancerous tissue over time. With early diagnosis, it is possible to control and cure the disease in vulva cancer. However, in cancer diseases that cannot be diagnosed on time, there is a possibility that cancerous tissue spread to the surrounding tissues.
What are the Causes of Vulva Cancer?
Although the exact causes of vulvar cancer have not been determined, some triggering factors are known. Among these, genetic factors, advanced age and the use of bad habits such as smoking are at the forefront, but there are some triggering factors specific to Vulva cancer. In addition to factors that weaken cell regeneration, HPV and HIV viruses are known to cause Vulva cancer. These sexually transmitted diseases can trigger cell anomalies. Therefore, a polygamous life increases the risk factor for Vulva cancer. However, the occurrence of various skin diseases in the Vulva region may lead to the emergence of Vulva cancer by causing cell anomalies.
What are the Symptoms of Vulva Cancer?
Since the vulva is a skin area extending from the urethra to the outer parts of the vagina, some symptoms occur directly on this area. However, it is possible that Vulva cancer does not show symptoms in the early stages, which once again shows how important general screening is.
When symptoms of vulvar cancer occur, it first shows itself with intense itching. These itches that start in the vulva region and spread to the environment can seriously reduce the quality of life. As a result, skin rash and damage may occur. Besides, another common symptom of vulvar cancer is bleeding. Thickening and swelling of the skin may occur, and non-healing wounds may occur. Lumps can be seen and painful complaints occur. In addition, urinary problems, problems arising during sexual intercourse, burning and warts on the skin surface can be seen.
Vulva Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment
Although the vulva region is located on the skin and is a visible place, Vulva cancer is among the types of cancer diagnosed late because the disease does not give symptoms in the first place or the mild symptoms are passed by the patient. Therefore, it is very important to enter general screenings for Vulva and other cancers.
Among vulvar cancer diagnosis methods, listening to the patient's history and physical examination comes first. In the following period, ultrasonography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging methods can be used to see the spread of cancerous tissue in detail. Pathological examination can be performed by sampling the lesion layer on the skin with biopsy. Deeper analysis is possible in applications such as blood tests, cystoscopy and proctoscopy.
Surgical operations have a great place in vulvar cancer. According to the spread of the cancerous tissue, removal of the cancerous tissue without damaging the surrounding tissue is an option. However, in advanced cases, it is necessary to take the cancerous tissue together with the surrounding tissue. In the following period, applications such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy can be used in combination or individually in the treatment process.